There are around 109 factories in Morbi that manufacture Roofing tiles. Since modern homes in India are made with concrete ceiling, the usage of roofing tiles is mostly limited to elevation purpose. Thus most of roofing tiles company are nowadays also making decorative roofing tiles (for elevation purpose).
Roof tiles are designed mainly to keep out rain, and are traditionally made from locally available materials (near Lilapar & Lalpar village) such as clay or slate. Modern materials such as concrete and plastic are also used and some clay tiles have a waterproof glaze.
A large number of shapes of roof tiles have evolved. These include:
Flat tiles -
Imbrex and tegula -
Roman tiles -
Mission or barrel tiles are semi-
Roof tiles are 'hung' from the framework of a roof by fixing them with nails. The tiles are usually hung in parallel rows, with each row overlapping the row below it to exclude rainwater and to cover the nails that hold the row below.
There are also roof tiles for special positions, particularly where the planes of the several pitches meet. They include ridge, hip and valley tiles.
Fired roof tiles are found as early as the 3rd millennium BC in the Early Helladic House of the tiles in Lerna, Greece. Debris found at the site contained thousands of terracotta tiles having fallen from the roof.In the Mycenaean period, roofs tiles are documented for Gla and Midea.
The earliest finds of roof tiles in archaic Greece are documented from a very restricted area around Corinth (Greece), where fired tiles began to replace thatchet roofs at two temples of Apollo and Poseidon between 700-
The spread of the roof tile technique has to be viewed in connection with the simultaneous rise of monumental architecture in Archaic Greece. Only the appearing stone walls, which were replacing the earlier mudbrick and wood walls, were strong enough to support the weight of a tiled roof. As a side-
Some of the leading roofing tiles manufacturers from Morbi include Bharat Industries, Shittal Potteries etc.